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对Spring Web启动时IOC源码研究

时间:2017-03-13  来源:未知  作者:linuxsir首页

研究IOC首先创建一个简单的web项目,在web.xml中我们都会加上这么一句

<context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

这代表了web容器启动的时候会首先进入ContextLoaderListener这个类,并且之后会去加载classpath下的applicationContext.xml文件。那么重点就在ContextLoaderListener上,点开源码:

/**
     * Initialize the root web application context.
     */
    @Override
    public void contextInitialized(ServletContextEvent event) {
        initWebApplicationContext(event.getServletContext());
    }


    /**
     * Close the root web application context.
     */
    @Override
    public void contextDestroyed(ServletContextEvent event) {
        closeWebApplicationContext(event.getServletContext());
        ContextCleanupListener.cleanupAttributes(event.getServletContext());
    }

里面主要为ServletContextListener接口的两个实现方法。web容器会首先调用contextInitialized方法,传入tomcat封装的容器资源,之后调用父类的初始化容器方法。

/**

* The root WebApplicationContext instance that this loader manages.

*/

private WebApplicationContext context;


public WebApplicationContext initWebApplicationContext(ServletContext servletContext) {
      ...........省略// Store context in local instance variable, to guarantee that
            // it is available on ServletContext shutdown.
            if (this.context == null) {
                this.context = createWebApplicationContext(servletContext);
            }
            if (this.context instanceof ConfigurableWebApplicationContext) {
                ConfigurableWebApplicationContext cwac = (ConfigurableWebApplicationContext) this.context;
                if (!cwac.isActive()) {
                    // The context has not yet been refreshed -> provide services such as
                    // setting the parent context, setting the application context id, etc
                    if (cwac.getParent() == null) {
                        // The context instance was injected without an explicit parent ->
                        // determine parent for root web application context, if any.
                        ApplicationContext parent = loadParentContext(servletContext);
                        cwac.setParent(parent);
                    }
                    configureAndRefreshWebApplicationContext(cwac, servletContext);
                }
            }
            servletContext.setAttribute(WebApplicationContext.ROOT_WEB_APPLICATION_CONTEXT_ATTRIBUTE, this.context);

            ClassLoader ccl = Thread.currentThread().getContextClassLoader();
            if (ccl == ContextLoader.class.getClassLoader()) {
                currentContext = this.context;
            }
            else if (ccl != null) {
                currentContextPerThread.put(ccl, this.context);
            }
  ......省略
            return this.context;
        
    }

这个方法里主要步骤createWebApplicationContext方法用来创建XmlWebApplicationContext这个root根容器,这个容器就是取自servletContextEvent。

loadParentContext方法用来加载父容器。主要方法configureAndRefreshWebApplicationContext用来配置和刷新root容器,在方法内最主要的就是refresh方法,里面实现了最主要的功能。

@Override
    public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
        synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
            // Prepare this context for refreshing.
            prepareRefresh();

            // Tell the subclass to refresh the internal bean factory.
            ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();

            // Prepare the bean factory for use in this context.
            prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

            try {
                // Allows post-processing of the bean factory in context subclasses.
                postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);

                // Invoke factory processors registered as beans in the context.
                invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);

                // Register bean processors that intercept bean creation.
                registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);

                // Initialize message source for this context.
                initMessageSource();

                // Initialize event multicaster for this context.
                initApplicationEventMulticaster();

                // Initialize other special beans in specific context subclasses.
                onRefresh();

                // Check for listener beans and register them.
                registerListeners();

                // Instantiate all remaining (non-lazy-init) singletons.
                finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);

                // Last step: publish corresponding event.
                finishRefresh();
            }

            catch (BeansException ex) {
                logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt", ex);

                // Destroy already created singletons to avoid dangling resources.
                destroyBeans();

                // Reset 'active' flag.
                cancelRefresh(ex);

                // Propagate exception to caller.
                throw ex;
            }
        }
    }

prepareRefresh方法用来准备之后需要用到的环境。

obtainFreshBeanFactory方法获取beanFactory

@Override
    protected final void refreshBeanFactory() throws BeansException {
        if (hasBeanFactory()) {
            destroyBeans();
            closeBeanFactory();
        }
        try {
            DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory = createBeanFactory();
            beanFactory.setSerializationId(getId());
            customizeBeanFactory(beanFactory);
            loadBeanDefinitions(beanFactory);
            synchronized (this.beanFactoryMonitor) {
                this.beanFactory = beanFactory;
            }
        }
        catch (IOException ex) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException("I/O error parsing bean definition source for " + getDisplayName(), ex);
        }
    }

实际返回的beanFactory为其实现类DefaultListableBeanFactory,实例化该类用来为之后装载xml中实例化的类。

loadBeanDefinitions为重要的方法,用来真正的加载类了,之前的都是准备工作。

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